Concept of God

clipped from www.philosophyclass.com

GOD

There are a number of logical arguments given for the existence of God. These arguments rely only on human reasoning; they do not invoke religious faith. They were proposed by philosophers such as Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) and Saint Anselm (1033-1109) during the Middle Ages in Europe.

The Cosmological Argument:

 

If there was an infinite chain of causes of the universe then there would be no universe now.

 

But there is a universe now.

 

Therefore there must be a first cause of the universe.

 The Argument from Design:

  

Most organisms in the world act for a purpose.

 

Most organisms are not aware of acting for a purpose.

 

There must be a superior being directing their purpose.

 The Ontological Argument:

  

The concept of a supreme being is of a being with all perfections.

 

Existence is a perfection.

 

The supreme being must exist.

 All three of the above arguments have been analyzed and criticized a great deal. They do show how human reasoning tries to

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