In a recent study it has been found out that when it comes to moral judgment a normal person uses emotions while a person with a damaged ventromedial prefrontal cortex is more likely to make an objective judgment based upon analysis and utilitarian thinking. For example ,when asked if killing a person who is likely to spread a dangerous disease and thereby become instrumental in the deaths of many is acceptable ,such a person may say “yes”, while a normal person may not find it acceptable.Our judgments are mostly based upon an impulsive understanding and emotional overlay.In such judgements we are averse to the individual being sacrificed for the good of the larger numbers .Whether it is the right thing to do is debatable.
The whole thing is based upon the presumption that our empathy with an individual is purely an emotional thing and looking at the problem as purely one of a quantitative judgement of which is the greater good is not a matter of the heart , but of the mind. Of course we are on a thin ground .We cannot conclude that our sympathies with the individual sufferer pitted against the good of many tantamount to an emotional response. Or that desiring the good of the greater numbers is not an emotional response.Actually ,when we have placed the good of the larger number on higher pedestal we are equally emotional because we desire, for our own sake,the perpetuation of the human species which ensures continuation of our selves and our progeny.
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