India is faced with extreme rainfall and drought events

"India is having to cope with more frequent extreme weather events, and the densely populated subcontinent may see even more in future.

Extreme summer monsoon rains have become ever more common in central India during the past 50 years, probably as a result of global warming, Indian scientists report in this week’s Science. Worse, more frequent and intense cloudbursts seem to come at the expense of the more drawn-out, moderate rains that are vital for the drought-prone region. The risk of severe droughts and floods may further increase if the warming trend continues, the authors conclude.

Most climate models predict more frequent extreme rainfall events if temperatures rise: warmer air can hold more water vapour, and that can cause more rain.

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